A2, Frenzy, Nemesis, Pep, Euphoria and many other terms.
What does BZP look like?
After production Piperazines can come in various forms and shapes. Tablets can be a variety of colours and can have symbols embossed on them; these are many and varied, for example smiley face, heart, butterfly, bird, star etc. They can also be sold as an off-white powder, Capsules and as a liquid.
Piperazine. Others in the Piperazine class of chemicals include 2C-B-BZP, DCPP, DBZP, MBZP, TFMPP amongst others.
Effects Of BZP
Effects are similar to amphetamine and Ecstasy. Feelings of being alert, full of energy and euphoria.
Vomiting and stomach pain, dry mouth, agitation and anxiety, irregular heartbeat, diarrhoea, allergic reactions, fever and Fits. Insomnia and a long lasting 'hang-over' as well as blurred vision and headaches.
Acute Psychosis, renal toxicity and seizures.
Long term risks are not yet fully known but may include respiratory failure, Serotonin toxicity and other medical complications as a result of toxicity. BZP has the potential for psychological dependency and mental health problems.
Please view our Reducing Harm page for more information.
How does BZP work?
Legal status of BZP
Piperazines are Class C drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act.Drugs Act.
How Is BZP Taken?
BZP is typically obtained in the form of a powder, Tablet or Capsule, so will usually be swallowed. However, the powder may be snorted or smoked. Intravenous use is also a possibility but is rare. Oral consumption of the free-Base liquid is not advisable due to its corrosive nature and will burn.
Medical uses of BZP
Thought to have been originally developed in the 1950's as an anti-parasitic drug for use in farm animals, but was abandoned as a worm treatment due to side effects. There are no current medical uses.
Where does it come from?
Piperazines are a broad class of chemical compounds. BZP is a derivative of piperazine which comes as either hydrochloride salt or free Base liquid. The hydrochloride salt is a white solid while the base form is a slightly yellowish-green liquid. The base form is corrosive and can cause burns. Piperazines are also used in the manufacture of plastics, resins, pesticides, brake fluid and other industrial materials.
Most areas of the UK have 'street agencies' or projects (sometimes called community drug services or community drug teams) which offer a range of services including information and advice, counselling, needle exchanges and sometimes support groups and complementary therapies such as acupuncture. The increase in stimulant use has led to some agencies offering specialist services that offer counselling, cognitive behaviour therapy, acupuncture and other alternative therapies and prescribing of anti-depressants, and also possible referral to residential rehabilitation. Some services have extended working hours and may offer weekend support. GPs and possibly the local hospital A&E department can make referrals to specialist drug services as well as general medical services, information and advice often in partnership with a drug agency or Drug Dependency Unit.
Parents & other relatives
Drug agencies also provide lots of advice and support to parents of people using these drugs. Many street agencies can provide relative support groups or counselling for family members, partners etc.
You can view a list of National Drug Agencies.
If you would like to talk about BZP problems then please call the DAN 24/7 Helpline on: